What Is Behavioral Science?

 What Is Behavioral Science?

It is a branch of science (such as psychology, sociology, or anthropology) that deals primarily with human action and often seeks to generalize about human behaviour in society

If you're interested in finding a field that takes an interdisciplinary approach for studying human behavior, read on. Behavioural science encompasses such fields as sociology, psychology and anthropology.

A science or branch of learning, as psychology or sociology, that derives its concepts from observation of the behaviour of living organisms.It is a scientific discipline, such as psychology, sociology, or anthropology, in which the reactions and actions of humans and animals are studied through observational and experimental methods. Behavioural science is the systematic investigation and analysis of human and animal behavior through controlled and naturalistic observation, and disciplined scientific experimentation.

Behavioural Sciences includes any of various scientific disciplines, such as psychology, anthropology, or sociology, in which the actions and reactions of humans and animals are studied through experimental and observational methods.

Behavioural science, any of various disciplines dealing with the subject of human actions, usually including the fields of social, sociology and cultural anthropology, psychology, and behavioral aspects of biology, geography, economics, law, psychiatry, and political science. In the United States the term gained currency in the 1950s; it is often using synchronously with “social sciences,” although some writers distinguish between them. The behavioral sciences suggests an approach that is more experimental than that connoted by the older social sciences.

Behavioural sciences explore the cognitive processes within behavioural interactions and the organism between organisms in the natural world. It involves the systematic investigation  and analysis of human and animal behavior through the study of the past, naturalistic and controlled  observation of the present, and disciplined scientific experimentation. It attempts to accomplish legitimate, objective conclusions through rigorous formulations and Examples of behavioural sciences include psychology, anthropology, psycho-biology, and cognitive science. Generally, behavior science deals primarily with human action and often seeks for generalize about human behaviour as it relates to society

“Behavioral sciences can be divided into two academic type: social (relational sciences) and neural (information sciences).

Information processing sciences

It deal with information processing of stimuli from the social environment by cognitive entities, for engage in decision making, social judgment, and social perception for individual functioning and survival of organism in a social environment. psycho-biology, cognitive science, psychology, neural networks, social cognition, social psychology, semantic networks, ethology, and social neuroscience are classified as information processing sciences.

Relational sciences

It deals with relationships, interaction, communication networks, associations, and relational strategies or dynamics among cognitive or organisms entities in a social system. Sociological social psychology, dynamic networks, social networks analysis, agent-based models, and micro simulation are classified as relational sciences. Relational sciences attempt for explain how a person is influenced by different social interactions and how societal phenomenons are developed through the accumulation of individual responses towards society and each other.”


  • Appreciate history of management education
  • Understand importance of Behavioural Science

History of Management Education

In 20th century there was industrial revolution in developed countries such as USA, England. In order to increase production various practices were adopted. People were considered as machines and specific repetitive tasks were given to them. This was considered as task orientation. Research indicated rise in production in the initial stages. However dissatisfaction of workers was observed and there was fall in production. Methods were then adopted to encourage people and increase production. This was considered as people orientation. Thus science of management got evolved through research and practice the management principles became popular and organized body of knowledge is developed in the field of management. Broadly, management studies included topics like motivation, leadership, inter-personal relationships, team building, decision making and conflict management. 

In India after independence, Indian Government decided to undertake various projects for the growth
of the nation. In order to achieve industrial growth technical manpower at different levels was produced through IT Is, polytechnics and engineering Colleges. Based on the experience of developed countries government established management institutes to educate and train right type of manpower expected to occupy positions of managers at different levels.

In 1990s, government adopted policy of liberalization and globalization for the further growth of the nation. In view of the importance of management education, number of institutes came up and started
specialized courses in the field of management. Some of key areas are Marketing management, personnel management and human resource management.

In carrying out management functions one has to deal with human beings to achieve the goals and targets. Behaviour of human being is very complex. Researchers focused their study on human behaviour and it has given rise to "Behavioural Science".

Importance of Behavioural Science

Behavioural Science includes study of behaviour of individual and also group. Researches are conducted on organizations indicating success stories and also failure stories. 

Aspect of Leadership 

One of the key factors for the growth of the organization is the leader and his behaviour. Hence leadership became specialized area of study in behavioural science. Aspects of leadership are elaborated.

Motivation Techniques, Concept of Motivation

In any type of organization leader has to get the work done and achieve goals through people working
under him. Motivating the people to work for the organisation is very important. 

Emotion Intelligence

Recent study has indicated the importance of emotional intelligence while working in an organisation Meaning of emotions and concept of emotional intelligence

Team Building

In medium and large organisation, many people are involved •to complete the task. Hence team building becomes essential for leaders of the team. Methods of building various types of teams are discussed.

Conflict Resolution

Many a time's individuals working in organizations have their egos. Further perceptions of persons may be different. Such situation gives rise to conflict in the organization. Causes of conflict and styles of conflict resolution are provided.

Decision Making

Managers working at different levels are required to take decisions in the interest of the organization. Research has provided knowledge about various aspects of decision making. These aspects are covered.

Interview Techniques

It deals with various aspects useful to the students while facing the interview. How to prepare a resume has been explained with appropriate examples. Normally aptitude tests are conducted by different industries. Various parameters included in the aptitude tests are discussed in detail. Further tips are provided for group discussion and facing the interviews.

Knowledge of human behaviour is useful to every person working in the organization. Similarly it will develop some insight in engineers working for organizational development. In addition to basic concepts related to organizational development the activities suggested would help budding engineers to enhance interpersonal skills. 

What Is Behavioral Science?  What Is Behavioral Science? Reviewed by Naukari Click on June 04, 2019 Rating: 5

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